Textile auxiliaries refer to a range of chemicals added during textile production to enhance performance. These additives are categorized into various types, including dyeing agents, printing and dyeing enhancers, finishing agents, etc. They are widely used in the production lines, which can improve the quality of textiles and production efficiency, and reduce costs. Let’s delve into the classification of textile additives.
Dyeing additives are chemicals utilized in both the production and application of dyes to heighten their coloring power, hue, brightness, uniformity, and fastness on cellulose fibers, synthetic fibers, fur, and non-woven fabrics. It encompasses penetration agents, leveling agents, anti-bleeding agents, rheology modifiers, dispersants, chelating agents, and more. Among them, anti-bleeding agents, widely employed in dyeing additives, bolster the post-dyeing fibers’ resistance to oxidation in sunlight and air, thereby improving color fastness.
Printing and Dyeing Enhancers
Printing and dyeing enhancers encompass various chemicals added to the printing and dyeing bath to optimize the overall printing and dyeing effects. This category includes dispersants, softeners, thickeners, antioxidants, resins, and adhesives, among others. These additives ensure the even dispersion of dyes on fibers, enhancing color vibrancy and print fastness, playing a pivotal role in the dyeing and printing processes.
Finishing agents are chemicals introduced during the finishing process to enhance the overall performance of textiles. This category includes lubricants, defoamers, antistatic agents, anti-scratch agents, anti-wrinkle agents, UV absorbers, and more. Finishing agents contribute to improved softness, luster, elasticity, breathability, and flame resistance in textiles, elevating both comfort and technological sophistication.
In conclusion, textile auxiliaries play an important role in the contemporary textile industry. By incorporating different additives, textiles can meet elevated quality standards in various aspects, satisfying the evolving demands of consumers. When using textile additives, careful consideration of factors such as additive type, dosage, and the sequence of addition is essential to prevent adverse effects on textile performance. Concurrently, there is a need to intensify research and development efforts in textile additives, continually introducing superior additive products and making substantial contributions to the ongoing modernization of the textile industry.